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Post Incident Management

DATED: 19/11/2018

POLICY TITLE: Post Incident Management

OWNING DIRECTORATE: Local Policing & Operations

AUTHOR: Head of Professional Standards Department

CONTACT DETAILS: 101, Ext 75751

EQUALITY IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Complete

AUTHORISED PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE (APP) NATIONAL GUIDANCE: Available

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AIM OF POLICY: To outline the deployment of Post Incident Managers (PIMs) in Northumbria Police.

BENEFIT OF POLICY: Provides the context for the Force post incident procedures for both firearms and non-firearms related incidents.

REASON FOR POLICY: To highlight incidents requiring PIM deployment.

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1.0 Context
This policy covers post incident procedures for both firearms and non-firearms related incidents. Whilst the principles and legal framework are the same for both sets of circumstances it should be borne in mind that the context of both areas is different.

In general terms:

  • a police shooting will involve an action which has resulted in the death of, or injury to, another person;
  • the circumstances of a non-firearms incident will normally be as a result of other policing activity that has resulted in the death of, or injury to, another person.

2.0 Incidents Requiring PIM Deployment
The decision to initiate post incident procedures rests with the duty Gold Commander for the Force following, where appropriate, advice from Professional Standards Department.

Force procedure and APP provide further detail regarding when PIM is appropriate.

3.0 ECHR Considerations
"Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights not only imposes an operational obligation upon the State to protect life but also, in certain circumstances a requirement to investigate a death (the "procedural obligation").

The procedural obligation will be triggered whenever a death has occurred which may be in breach of Article 2 and where officers are or may be implicated. For this reason, in practical terms an investigation will be required whenever an individual has died following police contact e.g. contact involving any application of the force, a road traffic accident or whilst in custody.

Any such investigation must be effective and conducted by an official independent body i.e. the IOPC and Coroner.

The form and extent of the investigation will depend upon the particular circumstances of any accident. Whatever the nature of an investigation, its purpose must be:

"to ensure so far as possible that the full facts are brought to light; that culpable and discreditable conduct is exposed and brought to public notice; that suspicion of deliberate wrongdoing (if unjustified) is allayed; that dangerous practices and procedures are rectified; and that those who have lost their relative may at least have the satisfaction of knowing that lessons learnt from his death may save the lives of others." - R (Amin) v Home Secretary [2004] 1 AC 653

The authorities must have taken the reasonable steps available to them to secure the evidence concerning the incident, including eye witness testimony and forensic evidence. PIM procedures therefore have a significant role to play in this process.


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SOURCE DOCUMENTS: Authorised Professional Practice (APP) - Armed Policing
ACPO Guidance on Providing Accounts (ACPO Armed Police Working Group National Circulars 28/2008, 29/2008 & 37/2008);
APP Public Order.
APP Road Policing.
ACPO Roads Policing Manual 2007; and
APP - Detention and Custody.

GROUPS AFFECTED: All officers and staff involved in the following incidents:
Death/Serious injury following the police use of firearms and failings in command or caused danger to the public or officers;
Death/Serious injury in police custody;
Death/Serious injury arising from police involved road traffic collision (RTC);
Death/Serious injury within circumstances that are considered to be a situation of Public Disorder including disorder at football matches / demonstrations; and
Death/Serious injury in any other circumstances following or during contact with the Police.

ACCESS AND DISCLOSURE RESTRICTIONS: None

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